One of the big issues surrounding XRP is decentralisation. This is because Ripple, as a company own an awful lot of XRP, and also, until recently, operated the majority of the validator nodes on the XRP blockchain. In essence, Ripple had majority control over the XRP network, which means the currency can’t be decentralised. We have to remember that this is also tied in with XRPs association as a security. If XRP was more decentralised, it could be argued that this case might never have existed against Ripple as a company. As a part of Ripple’s progression and the future plans for XRP, Ripple are of course closing down their validator nodes and allowing third party nodes to operate on the network, finally, making decentralisation a more realistic prospect. According to AMB Crypto, Ripple now run 48% of the validator nodes on the ‘Unique Node List’ (UNL) which means that in essence, the network can be considered as decentralised due to the fact majority control is within the hands of numerous third parties, operating the remaining 52%. According to AMB Crypto:
“Over the year, Ripple has been sticking to their roadmap of slowly decentralizing the XRP Ledger by adding third-party validators to the default UNL. For every two third-party validators added to the default UNL, Ripple will remove one of theirs.”
“The process has taken place over the year, as per Ripple’s decentralization strategy. Currently, as Ripple controls 10 of the 21 nodes on the default UNL, they effectively operate only 48% of the validator nodes. This is notwithstanding that each node on the network can determine the UNL they want to process their transactions, effectively allowing for a measure of decentralization through choice.”
I still think Ripple have a bit of work to do before they can call for complete decentralisation, as ultimately 48% of the network still offers Ripple the opportunity to control and manipulate a very large chunk of the network. Not that they will, but a lot of decentralisation is down to theory, a network can’t be decentralised if in theory, a lone entity can control the majority of it.Overall, this is good news and acts as a benchmark in Ripple’s progression. XRP will grow, now as a ‘mostly’ decentralised asset, and might finally start being taken seriously by the hardcore ‘decentralisers’ among us.
Adrian is an avid reader who first stumbled across Crypto after reading 'The Basics of Bitcoins and Blockchains' by Antony Lewis in 2018. Since then, Adrian has immersed himself within the industry, and has a real interest in Enterprise Blockchain solutions.